Cleopatra was the last ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt, ruling from 51 BC - 30 BC. She was celebrated for her beauty and immortalised in history for her love affairs with the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar and his close advisor Mark Antony.
As Egyptian Pharaoh Cleopatra ruled over a mighty civilization. She was a highly intelligent woman and an astute politician, who brought prosperity and peace to a country that was bankrupt and split by civil war. In 30 BC Cleopatra and her lover Mark Antony found themselves losing a war against Caesar's son Octavian. Trapped by Octavian's forces in Alexandria Cleopatra chose to take her own life, committing suicide on 12 August 30 BC. After Cleopatra's death Egypt fell into the hands of the Romans and became a Roman province.